In January 2022, Greenpeace Argentina, along with other civil society organizations in the Argentinian Atlantic Coast brought a climate litigation case questioning the approval of offshore oil exploitation projects in the coast of Argentina (Greenpeace et al. v. Argentina et al.). Among many concerns, the plaintiffs argue that the projects foster a significant reliance on fossil fuels, which is inconsistent with Argentina’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). Shortly after the case was filed, an injunctive relief was granted, immediately halting the execution of the project, and then reversed. The case represents a significant example of the possibilities and limitations of climate litigation as an effective tool to impact the shape of the energy transition strategy in Latin America.